Manipur is one of the most remote states of India with the city of Imphal as its capital. The state of Manipur is bounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south and Assam to the west; it also borders Myanmar to the east. This princely state came under British rule in 1891 and existed until 1947. Then it became an integral part of independent India. During the Second World War, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between the Japanese and the Allied forces. Manipuri’s are a culturally enthusiastic people. Outdoor games like Mukna, Mukna Kangjei (Khong Kangjei), Sagol Kangjei (Polo), Yubi lakpi (Coconut Rugby), Oo - Laobi, Hiyang -Tannaba and Arambai Hunba are quite popular. Manipur, literally means the the land of jewels. Its rich culture excels in every aspect as in festivals, Polo, martial arts, dance, theater, sculpture, etc. The beauty of the state and the region is the greenery with the moderate climate making it a tourists delight / heaven. The exotic, beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily at Ukhrul, Sangai, the Brow antlered deer and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rare things found in Manipur. Polo originated from Manipur. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India called it "The Switzerland of India".
Most Popular Places in Manipur
Imphal : The city of Imphal is the capital of the Indian state of Manipur. Ruins of the Palace of Kangla, the royal seat of the erstwhile Kingdom of Manipur, are in the city centre, surrounded by a moat. It is the second largest busiest city in North-east India after Guwahati and Agartala
Shree Govindajee Temple : Shree Govindajee Temple is the largest Hindu, Vaishnav temple in Imphal city in Manipur. It is located next to the palace of the former rulers of the then Manipur Kingdom
Loktak Lake : Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India, and is famous for the phumdis floating over it. Keibul Lamjao is the only floating national park in the world. It is located near Moirang in Manipur state, India. The etymology of Loktak is Lok = "stream" and tak = "the end". The largest of all the phumdis covers an area of 40 km² and is situated on the southeastern shore of the lake. The Keibul Lamjao National Park is the last natural refuge of the endangered sangai Rucervus eldii eldii or Manipur brown-antlered deer, one of three subspecies of Eld's deer. This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply. The lake is also a source of livelihood for the rural fishermen who live in the surrounding areas and on phumdis, also known as “phumshongs”. Human activity has led to severe pressure on the lake ecosystem. 55 rural and urban hamlets around the lake have a population of about 100,000 people.
Keibul Lamjao National Park : The Keibul Lamjao National Park is a national park in the Bishnupur district of the state of Manipur in India. It is 40 km² in area, the only floating park in the world, located in North East India, and an integral part of Loktak Lake
Moreh : Moreh is a town located on the India-Myanmar border in the Tengnoupal district of the Indian state of Manipur. The town is inhabited by Kuki people and a sizeable number of Tamil, Nepali, Meitei, Punjabi, Telugu, Bihari, Marwari and Pangals. Previously, Moreh was in the Kabow Valley Zone. The town is an important and rapidly developing trade point in India on the border with Myanmar, with the town of Tamu being close to the border. Moreh is already a huge commercial hub, and economists suggest that it could become another bustling city in the next couple of decades. Moreh is already seen as the commercial capital of Manipur and India's Gateway to South-East Asia. In 2007, according to The Economist, Moreh was to gain a branch railway via Imphal. The Indo-Myanmar Friendship Bridge in Moreh connects India to Kalewa in Myanmar's Sagaing Division. The highway on the Myanmar side is intended to run up to Mandalay but it is in bad shape. Indian planners hope the rail link to Moreh will eventually be connected to the Myanmar railway system, allowing onward connectivity to Thailand and China.
Khonghampat Orchidarium : Under the control of Forest Department, there is an Orchid Yard in Imphal, Manipur. Being one of the major attractions in Imphal, KhonghampatOrchidarium is great place for a visit. It is situated on the National Highway 39 and one can see numerous orchids, around 110 varieties and more in this place. If you want to see this wonderful spot, located at a distance of 7 kms away from Imphal, at its fullest then you must make a visit in between April and May. Also referred as Central Orchidarium, it is really a nature marvel with so many striking and outstanding flowers blooming your heart with joy and pleasure.
WAR CEMETERIES : Located in the town of Imphal, the capital of Manipur state, the Imphal War Cemetery is the final resting place of 1600 men who fought in and around Imphal in World War II.
In 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army defeated the Allied forces in Burma, in turn forcing them to retreat to Imphal in India. Due to its close proximity to the border, Imphal was the easiest place for the Allied troops to move and as a result, stationed themselves in the town and reinforced their army and air force units over the next two years. In the first half of 1944, the Imperial Japanese Army attacked Imphal and succeeded in securing the town for three months. However, continued fighting from the Allied forces over this period combined with a dwindling level of supplies reaching the Japanese led to the retaking of Imphal in June 1944 and a swift retreat from the Imperial Japanese Army. The Battles of Kohima and Imphal is now considered by some historians as one of the most important British battles of World War II, not to mention the bloodiest with a predicted 53,000 Japanese soldiers and 18,000 British and Indian soldiers dying on the surrounding fields.
Managed and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the Imphal War Cemetery initially only had 950 burials on site. At the conclusion of the Second World War, the remains of soldiers from two other smaller nearby cemeteries, along with those buried in isolated spots surrounding the battlefield, were moved to the Imphal War Cemetery, increasing the total to 1,600 men. Originating from countries that include the UK, Canada, Australia, India, East Africa, West Africa and Burma, each gravesite is marked with a brass plaque. Another nearby cemetery, known as the Imphal Indian Army War Cemetery, holds the graves of 828 men, many of who were Muslim soldiers within the British Indian Army. A memorial also stands on the site, commemorating the 868 Sikh and Hindu soldiers who were cremated there.
Visitor numbers to the Imphal War Cemetery have increased over the past few years, leading to the installation of a number interpretation panels that can be read or accessed via smartphone technology. More recently in 2014, the 70th Anniversary of the Battle of Imphal was commemorated at the site with dignitaries attending from India, the UK, Australia and the US.
MANIPUR ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS : The Manipur Zoological Gardens is located around 8 km from Imphal in Lamphelpat. This garden was established on 2nd October 1976, covering an area of around 8 hectares and is popularly known as the Jewel Box of Manipur.
On the southern side of the garden lies the Manipur Agriculture University, towards the west is Langol Road and the rest of the surrounding area is covered with paddy fields.
The Manipur Zoological Gardens is home to many endangered animals and birds indigenous to this region. Thiamin Deer is one of the rare animal species, which can be found in this garden along with 55 different species of birds and around 420 animals. The Manipur Zoological Gardens is home to about 14 endangered species as well.
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